Happy Thursday friends! Here’s my weekly take on the five most interesting developments in LCFV trends over the last week.
Quebec’s National Assembly unanimously adopted a ZEV standard this week. Qualifying ZEVs include fully electric and hydrogen vehicles and rechargeable hybrid vehicles. The ZEV standard, along with reserved lanes and other incentives, will help achieve the goal of having 100,000 electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids on Quebec’s roads by 2020, according to the Ministry of Sustainable Development. The figure below projects the total number of ZEVs following adoption of the standard through 2026.
Starting with 2018 models, automakers will be required to meet a ZEV sales target that is set by the government and transposed into credits. The target will be calculated by applying a percentage to the total number of light vehicles each manufacturer sells in Québec, according to the legislation. The credit requirement will therefore vary from one manufacturer to another. Every sale or lease of a ZEV recognized by the Minister of Sustainable Development will earn the manufacturer a number of credits based on the vehicle’s electric range. The greater the range, the greater the number of credits earned by the manufacturer, which in turn will reduce the number of ZEV sales the manufacturer will need to reach its target.
Small manufacturers not subject to the standard, as well as high-performance automakers, will also be able to benefit financially from selling their excess credits to other manufacturers. Automakers will be able to accumulate credits for 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 model-year vehicles, without regulatory requirements, and use those credits for compliance purposes in subsequent years, according to the legislation.
All operational parameters of the program, including the credit percentages required by category of automaker, formulas for calculating credits associated with each type of vehicle, requirements for re-conditioned vehicles, rules for using credits as well as the information required when reporting will be specified in a forthcoming regulation.
Quebec joins the ten U.S. states, including California and several northeastern states, representing one third of the American market, that have already adopted ZEV standards. China is also considering a similar program.
Earlier today the White House announced further initiatives to speed the deployment of EVs nationally, including a 48 national EV charging corridors on the country’s highways, lead by the Department of Transportation (DOT) and covering 25,000 miles in 35 states. Meantime, the Department of Energy (DOE) will publish two studies developed with national laboratories and with input from a range of stakeholders to support broad EV charging infrastructure deployment, that will include an infrastructure analysis and best practices for fast-charging installation.
The White House notes:
“By working together across the Federal government and with the private sector, we can ensure that electric vehicle drivers have access to charging stations at home, at work, and on the road – creating a new way of thinking about transportation that will drive America forward.”
In July, the White House released its Guiding Principles to Promote Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure (see post, July 29, 2016). As I said earlier this year, EVs are one of the end games for the government, and while President Obama is nearing the end of his term, there is no doubt that Secretary Hillary Clinton, if elected, would carry forward initiatives like this.
UK think tank IPPR today released a “radical” new plan to help London Mayor Sadiq Khan and government cut air pollution and improve Londoners health, building on measures he recently announced that include an ultra-low emission zone (ULEZ). (See post July 8, 2016.) Vehicles subject to the ULEZ would have to meet exhaust emission standards, among other measures.
As part of crafting the plan, IPPR found the following:
IPPR made numerous recommendations to Mayor Khan including the following:
Phase 1 (2016–2020)
Phase 2 (2020–2025)
Ensure that all Euro 6 diesel cars are charged within the expanded ULEZ by 2025, announce the plan to charge all diesel cars in the expanded ULEZ as soon as possible
Mid last month, Khan launched a public consultation on his ULEZ plan. He joined a legal challenge against the UK government earlier this year, charging it is not doing enough to combat air pollution in the country. On Wednesday, the UK government lost that challenge, with the judge in that case finding its air pollution plan “illegally poor.” Khan said, “Today’s ruling lays the blame at the door of the government for its complacency in failing to tackle the problem quickly and credibly. In so doing they have let down millions of people the length and breadth of the country.” The government will now negotiate a new plan with the parties.
Citi released this week a report on the future of mobility over the next 10-15 years, covering vehicle technologies including electric vehicles and connectivity. “Peak car?” No way, says Citi. Read more about it here.
A UNICEF study released this week found that almost 300 million children live in areas around the world with the most toxic levels of outdoor air pollution – six or more times higher than international guidelines set by the World Health Organization (WHO). Another 2 billion children, including those in developed regions such as North America and Europe, live in areas where outdoor pollution exceed WHO guidelines (shown in the figure below). The culprits: vehicle emissions, heavy use of fossil fuels and waste burning. Read more about it here.